Before rushing in with purchasing and installing your UPS system, first, there are a few important considerations that you must make. In this article, we’re going to cover everything from why you need a UPS, which factors to consider when choosing yours, and the best practices for when going through the installation process. Read on and we’ll tell you everything you need to know.
In a nutshell, a UPS (uninterruptible power supply) can be used to protect your critical loads from a variety of power related issues, including power spikes, fluctuations, brownouts, and unplanned power outages – by relying on a dedicated battery supply.
Here are a few factors to consider when choosing your UPS system:
First, assess and establish which electronic devices you have installed that require UPS battery backup and protection – including the power required for each. This will help you effectively calculate the ‘capacity’.
As for runtime, you need to think about how long you use your UPS to power your devices in an electrical emergency.
Next, make sure that you check your prospective UPS system’s power supply and voltage, and whether or not the installation is three-phase or single-phase. You will also need to double check what type of power supply will be required in order for the loads to be protected under the same parameters as the input.
A UPS will typically use a VRLA AGM battery type because it has:
AGM batteries on the other hand:
Lithium Ion batteries are becoming an attractive alternative to Lead Acid because:
Another important consideration is form & factor which broadly fits into two main categories:
Finally, there are a wide variety of UPS monitoring and management features for you to consider, these include (but are not limited to):
Now let’s move onto best practices regarding ups installation:
Where you choose to install your UPS is critical. Think carefully about:
It is paramount that you thoroughly inspect your UPS and its connections. In transit, it’s not entirely uncommon for connections to shift – which can lead to loose connections and all manner of problems down the line. For best practices, hire a certified electrician to oversee the installation process.
The batteries are the beating heart of a UPS system in that they are both critical and the most vulnerable. As such, you will need to have a preventative maintenance plan in place to guarantee the most cost-effective means of safeguarding and replacing your UPS’ batteries as necessary.
Before finalising the installation process make sure that you run the appropriate tests. Having a factory authorised technician / certified electrician to assist with installation & maintenance services is highly recommended to ensure total compliance.
Your UPS should be installed in a dry and cool place, away from heat sources or open windows. Avoid dust, humidity, and corrosive fumes. Additionally, make sure there is plenty of clearance on all sides so as not to block the unit’s ventilation.
You must allow an absolute minimum of 2-inches on each side of your UPS unit to allow proper airflow.
It is highly recommended that any hardwired UPS equipment should be installed by a licensed electrician. Smaller domestic ‘plug and play’ models are OK, but even then a second set of eyes is recommended.
For businesses, installing your UPS without professional assistance is not the right move.
Yes. Remember, your UPS system is only as reliable as your grounding system.